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Photobox: Castles of Estonia
by Peter Kessler, 9 March 2013
Construction on Haapsalu Episcopal Castle
began in the second quarter of the thirteenth century, as part of
the German Crusader efforts to conquer all of the Baltics. Bishop
Hermann I granted town rights to Haapsalu in 1279, transferring the
official seat of the bishopric of Saare-Lääne there at the same
time. The Inner Castle already existed by this stage, consisting of
the cathedral and living quarters for canons. The Outer Castle walls
which surround the site and contain the Inner Castle in the centre
of the north wall were probably begun by this time. The bishop moved
to his new residence of Kuressaare Episcopal Castle in the late
fourteenth century, and after the bishopric of Ösel-Wiek was ended
in 1559, Haapsalu lost its main raison d'etre. Several fires damaged
the castle in the seventeenth century and it was decommissioned at
the end of that century.
All photos on this page contributed by K Kimmel.
If you would like to submit your own photos of castles,
Return to the
Praust, Valdo - Most Beautiful Manors and
Castles, Grenader Grupp, Estonia, 2004