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Gallery: Churches of the City of York
by Peter Kessler, 9 January 2011
Central York Part 10: Churches of Fulford,
Clementhorpe & Holgate
Fulford Methodist Church is on the eastern
side of Main Street, almost opposite Fenwick's Lane in Fulford, directly
south of the centre of York. A Methodist society was formed here in 1799.
Houses were registered in 1797, 1802, 1808, 1809, 1817, and 1825, and a
room in 1829, most if not all for use by the Methodists. A Wesleyan chapel
was built in 1820 in Back (later School) Lane. This was replaced by the
present chapel on the main street in 1845, which was rebuilt in 1896.
St Oswald's (New) Church Fulford is at the
south-east corner of Main Street and St Aidan's Court. The Battle of
Fulford was fought nearby in 1066 against the invading Norwegian king,
Harald Hadrada. This was about a century before the Old Church (below)
was built. The new, stone church replaced the old one in 1866. It
consists of an aisled chancel, with north and south chapels, an aisled
and clerestoried nave, transepts, and south-west tower, originally with
St Oswald's (Old) Church Fulford is situated
at the western end of St Oswald's Lane, on the corner with Love Lane.
Saxon church remains were found here but the present chapel was built
around 1150, with chancel, nave, and west tower, and belonged to St Mary's
Abbey. Its first concrete mention is in 1349, when the churchyard was used
for plague victims. It spent much of its life as a chapelry to St Olave
Marygate, but it was closed in the 1970s and is now a private house.
The Parish Church of St Chad on the Knavesmire
stands on the northern side of Campleshon Road, midway between Lorne Street
and Albermarle Road. South Bank Avenue Mission Room was opened in
1925-1926, and was consecrated as a chapel of ease on 9 October 1926. The
building survives, although its use is unknown. It lies on the southern
side of the avenue, midway between the junction with Brunswick Street and
the alleys which meet Ovington Terrace.
In 1928 the parish of St Chad was constituted as a
Consolidated Chapelry out of the southern portion of St Mary's parish. The
church was built in brick throughout and comprises a 'nave' which was
originally intended to be the chancel. It consists of three bays and a Lady
Chapel at the east end. The present structure represents only half the
original plan. Many features were left uncompleted due to the high
costs (over £10,000). The architect was W H Brierley of York.
Southlands Methodist Church is on the north-west
corner of Southlands Road and Bishopthorpe Road. The church began in
1887 in a butcher's shop on Adelaide Street. Funds given by two
other Methodist churches allowed the present site to be purchased,
with the old windmill at the top of this hill being removed. The
church was built in the same year, in white Walling Fen brick with
twin towers on either side of an ornamental window. In 2007 the
interior was modernised.
St Clements Clementhorpe is situated inside
the fork of Scarcroft Road and Nunthorpe Road. This area of the city
was known as Clementhorpe in 1070, indicating that the church already
existed here. In 1130 it certainly existed, as an integral part of the
Benedictine Nunnery of St Clement founded by Archbishop Thurstan.
The church became parochial at the Dissolution, but was allowed to
become a ruin after about 1590. The present church was built in 1872-1874.
The Catholic Church of the English Martyrs
is on the northern side of Dalton Terrace, about sixty metres (yards)
south of Holgate Road. It began as a hired room in St Mary's Court, off
Blossom Street, in 1882-1889. Then the church moved to 17 Blossom Street,
occupying the upper story of a school building. In 1932 the present church
was completed. It is a brick building with a pantiled roof, and tower
surmounted by a cross. The windows contain ornamental leaded lights.
The Church of St Paul Holgate is at the north-east
corner of Holgate Road and Watson Street. The church was built in 1851 for
the growing population in this district of York. Consecrated on 3 January 1856,
in the same month it was assigned a Particular District. The church is stone-built
in the Early English style, by architects J B and W Atkinson of York. Poppleton
Road Mission Room, on the northern side of the road, to the west of the church,
was demolished in 2003.
Holgate Methodist Church lies on the south-east
corner of Acomb Road and New Lane. Around 1872, the Wesleyan Wilton
Street Mission was built in red brick with white brick ornamentation
in Wilton Street (now part of Wilton Rise). The Holgate Chapel opened on
14 September 1910 and Wilton Street Chapel was sold to the Railwaymen's
Mission. In 1955 it was used by the Salvation Army. The
replacement chapel, built in red brick with a gable, seats 350 persons.
All photos on this page contributed by Colin Hinson.