Map of North Africa AD 1300s
The kingdom of Fez under Merinid control made the most of the confused political situation in North Africa in the 1300s by pouncing on the Zayyanids in 1337 shortly after they had occupied Hafsid Tunis. Then they invade much of Hafsid Ifriqiyya in 1347 to briefly recreate the former Alhomad kingdom.
However, this was a stretch too far for the Merinids. It took one military defeat in 1348 by Arab tribes to undo the entire process. The Merinids soon regained parts of Tlemcen but never quite as convincingly, and even that was lost in 1358.
Borders towards the south of all three states were always somewhat nebulous and shifting.
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