The pictures reveal a 13mm-long rip in Oetzi's left subclavian artery
which lies just under the collar bone.
Blood poured out into the surrounding tissue, forming a haematoma that
can be seen in the breast cavity.
"We can conclude that this was really a deadly hit from the
arrowhead," Dr Ruhli said. "He would not have walked
around for days. It was a quick death.
"Theoretically, you could have been hit by an arrow and survive. If it
doesn't hit an artery or the lung, and you don't get an infection it
shouldn't be a problem."
Clotted blood also entered the hole caused by the arrow's wooden
shaft, showing that it was broken off while Oetzi was still alive and
therefore still bleeding.
Oetzi climbed up to the Schnalstal Glacier and died from cardiac
arrest, brought on by shock, after sustaining massive blood loss, the
science team says.
Dr Ruhli speculated that it was possible the Iceman removed the shaft
Alternatively, it could have been removed by an ally who tried in vain
to help him, or perhaps by the attacker - if his arrows had a
characteristic shaft - to try to cover up evidence linking him to the
The University of Zurich researcher said the speed with which Oetzi
would have died following his injury made it seem more likely he was shot
on the glacier, rather than in the valley below where he started his