Nizams of Hyderabad (Haydarabad)
Hyderabad, originally consisting of most of the Deccan plateau, was yet another
Moghul province that drifted into independence. Despite the collapse of Moghul power,
becoming surrounded by the British, and then becoming allied to them, the
listed the Moghul emperors on their coins all the way to the end of the line in 1858.
British sovereignty was not acknowledged until 1926.
Although Hyderabad was relatively
impoverished compared to the surrounding British territories, the last
accumulated enough wealth to be considered the richest man in the world.
He did not
outlive British rule by long. When India was partitioned, the Moslem
nizam chose to go to Pakistan. Since
Hyderabad was overwhelmingly Hindu, the new Dominion of India, ironically with King George
VI of England still as official head of state, already fighting with Pakistan over
Kashmir, soon invaded and attached Hyderabad to India by force.