Temple construction

Nagara - these temples evolved mainly in northern India, being easy spotted by their conical/beehive shape. The 'nagara' later developed several substyles including latina (single main spire crowned with a ribbed ring - the amalasaraka), sekhari (smaller spires surrounding the main spire), and bhumija (central projection tapering to the top on all four faces, decorated with rows of miniature spires).

Temple construction

Dravida - these temples evolved in the south and the superstructures were mainly pavilions arranged in layers (tiers), creating a pyramidal shape. The shikharas were ornate with several elements and/or niches. Both types usually featured high gateways called gopurams. [1]

Temple construction

Vesara - these temples were a cross between Nagara and Dravida and came to be seen in the Deccan region, mainly in Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka.