Hara was the parapet around the shikhara, the
Harantara being its primary elements. Sala (rectangular),
Kuta (square), and Panjara were the miniature shrines
(aedicules) on the shikhara (mainly in southern Indian shikharas).
Nasi in a Dravida shikhara is a spade/leaf-shaped
decorative frame with a deity engraved upon it. Alpa Vimana is the
upper temple. Dhwaja was the sacred flag, part of the temple
Gavaksha are the opaque windows with a shoe arch
or spade-shaped roof on shikhara and gabhara, symbolising the eyes of
the lord that see the outside world. They are the Nagara
counterparts of the Nasis in the Dravida style.
Garbhagriha/gabhara is the sanctum sanctorum,
analogous to the embryo inside the womb, whereby the garbhagriha
acts as the womb and where the central idols (the embryo) are
located. In Shaivite temples the gabhara is the house of the Lingum
or the phallic representation of Lord Shiva.
Ganesh patti - Lord Ganesha holds the place in
Hindu scriptures as the first god to be worshipped and hence his engraving
is generally present on the frame of the doorway of the sanctum. The ganesha
also represents auspiciousness and general well being, and the devotee pays
his respects to this god before stepping inside the sanctum.
Gomukhi pranala - the cowhead-shaped (gargoyle)
spout is a vent in the external wall of the temple to drain out water and
other liquids offered at the sanctum of the temple. It generally resembles
the face of a cow, hence the name gomukhi.
Antarala (left) is the temple vestibule which separates
the garbhagriha from the sabhamandapa. In Shaivite temples, one
inadvertently finds a Nandi idol (as per Hindu mythology, Nandi was
a holy bull and the carrier or vehicle of Lord Shiva).
Sabhamandpa/mahamandapa (right) is the square or
rectangular assembly hall.