Map of Anatolia and Persia c.AD 1475
The White Sheep emirate, or Ak Qoyunlu confederation, at its height controlled a great area of territory, stretching from Azerbaijan in the north to the Persian Gulf and eastern Iran.
Reaching their apogee under Uzun Hassan bin Ali (1457-1478), the White Sheep emirs faded sharply after 1490 when civil war wracked internal unity and external forces started chipping away at their holdings. The end came in 1508, although by that time they had already been reduced to Diyar Bakir on the banks of the Tigris.
To select a state for further information, click on its name.