Tlacopan / Tacuba (Aztecs)
The Aztec people were formed of several ethnic groups that occupied central
Mexico. Predominantly this
included groups that spoke the
Nahuatl language and it was
they who dominated large parts of Mesoamerica from the fourteenth to sixteenth
centuries AD. The name itself, 'aztec', means 'people from Aztlan', a mythological
location for the region's Nahuatl-speaking culture, but it was this that was
later adopted to define the Mexica people. From the thirteenth century, the
Valley of Mexico was at the heart of Aztec civilization, and it was here that
the powerful city of
Tenochtitlan was constructed upon raised islets in Lake Texcoco.
The Tepaneca tribe of
Aztec/Nahua migrants arrived in Valley of Mexico in the thirteenth century,
and took over cities such as
from the native inhabitants. Becoming one of the most powerful cities under
Tezozomoctli to the point that it dominated Tenochtitlan, the eventual seat
of the Aztec emperors, the city set about creating new colonies or taking over
existing cities throughout the region. Tlacopan was founded about 1400 by
Tezozomoctli when he installed one of his sons as its ruler.
(Additional information from Codex Chimalpahin Vol 1: Society and
Politics in Mexico Tenochtitlan, Tlatelolco, Texcoco, Culhuacan, and Other
Nahua Altepetl in Central Mexico, concerning the writings of seventeenth
century Nahua historian Chimalpahin Cuauhtlehuanitzin, otherwise known as
Don Domingo Francisco de Antón Muñón, (Eds) Arthur J O Anderson, Susan
Schroeder, & Wayne Ruwet (1997), from An Analytical Dictionary of
Nahuatl, Frances E Karttunen, and from External Link:
kings of Tenochtitlan
are crowned in accompaniment with the subjugated
Tetzcoco and the ruler
of Tlacopan, members of the Triple Alliance which forms the Aztec empire.
In the late 1420s and 1430s, the Triple Alliance defeats many cities,
including Tepanec (1428),
Totoquilhuaztli takes the title Tepaneca tecuhtli, 'Lord of the Tepanecs',
and twenty per cent of the territory captured by the alliance goes to Tlacopan.
Other cities have either already joined the alliance through marriage - including
Itztapalapan - or
treaty, or they now quickly do so.
The palace glyph for Tlacopan as displayed in the Codex Osuna
1520 - 1521
Tlacopan is conquered and is soon incorporated into the colonial administrative region
of New Spain. Tetlepanquetzal is taken to
Honduras by Hernan Cortes, the new ruler of
Mexico City and is hanged there.
Over subsequent centuries, the city expands to encompass the former site of Tlacopan,
which today lies in the Mexican
borough of Miguel Hidalgo.