The Aztec people were formed of several ethnic groups that occupied central
Mexico. Predominantly this
included groups that spoke the
Nahuatl language and it was
they who dominated large parts of Mesoamerica from the fourteenth to sixteenth
centuries AD. The name itself, 'aztec', means 'people from Aztlan', a mythological
location for the region's Nahuatl-speaking culture, but it was this that was
later adopted to define the Mexica people. From the thirteenth century, the
Valley of Mexico was at the heart of Aztec civilization, and it was here that
the powerful city of
Tenochtitlan was constructed upon raised islets in Lake Texcoco.
The Tepaneca tribe of
Aztec/Nahua migrants arrived in the Valley of Mexico in the thirteenth century,
and took over cities such as
from the native inhabitants. Becoming one of the most powerful cities under
Tezozomoctli to the point that it dominated Tenochtitlan, the eventual seat
of the Aztec emperors, the city set about creating new colonies or taking
over existing cities throughout the region. Tlatelolco was founded around
1372 by Tezozomoctli when he installed one of his sons as its ruler.
Tlatelolco became the sister city of Tenochtitlan, but despite the closeness
in relations, it was still conquered by its bigger and far more powerful
(Additional information from Codex Chimalpahin Vol 1: Society and
Politics in Mexico Tenochtitlan, Tlatelolco, Texcoco, Culhuacan, and Other
Nahua Altepetl in Central Mexico, concerning the writings of seventeenth
century Nahua historian Chimalpahin Cuauhtlehuanitzin, otherwise known as
Don Domingo Francisco de Antón Muñón, (Eds) Arthur J O Anderson, Susan
Schroeder, & Wayne Ruwet (1997), from An Analytical Dictionary of
Nahuatl, Frances E Karttunen, and from External Link:
1473 - 1520
Moquihuix is determined to end the twin cities arrangement with
so the city is subjugated by the Aztec emperor, Axayacatl.
Moquihuix is killed and a military governor is placed in charge, causing
long-lasting ill-will on the part of the populace.
Colonial Rulers of Tlatelolco
Following Cortes' destruction of the Aztec empire, a
series of Latinised members of the previous ruling elite were appointed to
govern the outlying areas of
central control was soon formalised, however, with the creation of
New Spain in the Americas.