Hara was the parapet around the
shikhara, the Harantara being its primary elements.
Sala (rectangular), Kuta (square), and Panjara
were the miniature shrines (aedicules) on the shikhara
(mainly in southern Indian shikharas).
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Nasi in a Dravida shikhara is
a spade/leaf-shaped decorative frame with a deity engraved upon
it. Alpa Vimana is the upper temple. Dhwaja was the
sacred flag, part of the temple iconography.
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Gavaksha are the opaque windows with
a shoe arch or spade-shaped roof on shikhara and
gabhara, symbolising the eyes of the lord that see the
outside world. They are the Nagara counterparts of the Nasis in
the Dravida style.
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Garbhagriha/gabhara is the sanctum
sanctorum, analogous to the embryo inside the womb, whereby
the garbhagriha acts as the womb and where the central
idols (the embryo) are located. In Shaivite temples the
gabhara is the house of the Lingum or the phallic
representation of Lord Shiva.
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Ganesh patti - Lord Ganesha holds
the place in Hindu scriptures as the first god to be worshipped,
and hence his engraving is generally present on the frame of the
doorway of the sanctum. The ganesha also represents
auspiciousness and general well being, and the devotee pays
their respects to this god before stepping inside the sanctum.
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Gomukhi pranala - the cowhead-shaped
(gargoyle) spout is a vent in the external wall of the temple to
drain out water and other liquids offered at the sanctum of the
temple. It generally resembles the face of a cow, hence the name
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Antarala (left) is the temple vestibule
which separates the garbhagriha from the sabhamandapa.
In Shaivite temples, one inadvertently finds a Nandi idol (as per
Hindu mythology, Nandi was a holy bull and the carrier or vehicle
of Lord Shiva).
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Sabhamandpa/mahamandapa (right) is the
square or rectangular assembly hall.