Ubaid period house
Ubaid houses were characterised by a distinctive plan. The main part of the house consisted of a central cruciform area with an entrance hall, staircase and living rooms on either side.
This house found at Tell Madhhur had been destroyed by fire: the charred remains of the timbers and reed matting which made up the roof were found collapsed in the debris of destruction. The household's domestic utensils lay where they had been abandoned in around 4500 BC: painted pots, grindstones, hoes, and over 3,800 sling bullets were scattered across the floors.
Beneath the floor of one of the side rooms the body of an infant had been buried in a pottery jar. Burial within the family living quarters was a common practise among these early settlers.
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