Archaeologists working at a west Wales gold mine
in 1999-2000 announced that they had made a discovery which was
'as important as Stonehenge'.
Leading archaeologists from the National Trust
hailed the discovery that Dolaucothi gold mine in Carmarthenshire
could be as much as three thousand years old. The evidence was
uncovered by French archaeologists who had been working with the
National Trust at the site in order to learn more about the
history of gold mining.
The Roman associations at Dolaucothi were already
known but this research put the site into an historical context.
The National Trust's archaeology panel subsequently reviewed the
site, saying that the discovery was as significant as Stonehenge.
In a Welsh context, it is the first clear
indication of what the area's inhabitants were capable of
achieving before they were first invaded by the Romans. By the
time of the Roman conquest of Britain, it was the Demetae tribe
which governed the area, and they seemed to be relatively content
to accept the Roman presence when it first arrived.
The site has not been extensively worked and
reworked over. However, it had been subjected to some
archaeological work in the 1960s. The French team involved on
this new dig were world experts on ancient and Roman gold mines.