Professor Kehoe wrote:
Mesoamericanists will be interested in the
connection I found between Osage priest texts and the Vienna Codex -
see Osage Texts and Cahokia Data. Another work, Ancient
Objects and Sacred Realms, includes my paper suggesting that
the name 'Powhatan' was a praise name which originated as the Mayan
Kehoe emphasises that, from the earlier, false
notions of ancient native American history, much has been missed
in the archaeological record of the Americas that is only now coming
She argues that trans-Gulf contact between the
Mississippi Valley and Mesoamerica was quite likely, with
communication and trade occurring either on foot, by canoe, or both,
leading to clear similarities in the culture, religion, and art of
the SECC, the American Midwest, and Mesoamerica.
However, Kehoe's theory does have its detractors
amongst the orthodox followers of the status quo:
[The] tenacity in rejecting
Mississippian-Mesoamerican contacts even when evidenced on Gulf of
Mexico shells [which were] transported to eastern Oklahoma, is a
strong example of the power of core beliefs in this discipline.
The burden of proof lies with Alice Kehoe and her
supporters, and it is an archaeologist's mantra that an absence of
evidence is not evidence of absence.
Kehoe goes on to state that the Toltecs may have
traded, perhaps via nations in the Huastec territory, across the
gulf and up the Mississippi, although this lacks hard evidence
(other than filed human incisors), and even hard evidence for
Highland Mexico itself in this period is relatively limited and
subject to much debate.
However, across the border, modern Mexican scholars
such as Alfredo Austin and Leonardo Lujan have no trouble in drawing
a connection between Mexican cultures and the northern natives
[The pre-Columbian] Huastecs also had contact
with the Mississippi Basin in the south-eastern US, as shown by the
similarities in the motifs on luxury items in both places... [Huastec
art figures] frequently sport extensive and complicated tattoos [just
as the Tula encountered by de Soto had tattoos around the nose and
Mexico's Indigenous Past, Austin et al.