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Far East Kingdoms

Japan

 

Hojo Regents (Shikken)
AD 1203 - 1333

The Hojo (or more correctly, Hōjō) clan took their name from their small estate in the Kanogawa Valley in Izu Province. Tokimasa was the first regent, and the earliest-known member of his clan, suggesting that they only gained any real power through his efforts. He was charged by the Japanese ruler Taira Kiyomori with the co-wardenship of the exiled Minamoto Yoritomo in 1160. The Hojo subsequently gained much power in Japan, maintaining tight control and destroying any signs of rebellion as soon as they appeared.

(Information by Peter Kessler, with additional information from External Link: Encyclopaedia Britannica.)

1203 - 1205

Tokimasa

First of the Hojo regents. Died 1215.

1205 - 1224

Yoshitoki

1221

The quarrels for supremacy between the shoguns and the imperial court reach an end in the Jokyu War (or Incident) when the imperial army is defeated in Kyoto, and the Hojo regent in Kamakura achieves complete control over Kamakura Japan.

1224 - 1242

Yasutoki

1242 - 1246

Tsunetoki

1246 - 1256

Tokiyori

Died 1263.

1256 - 1264

Nagatoki

1264 - 1268

Masamura

Died 1273.

1268 - 1284

Tokimune

1274

The first Mongol invasion is defeated through bad weather conditions, with the outnumbered Japanese facing superior and much more modern forces. The defeat is an unexpected one for the otherwise near-universally victorious Mongols.

First Mongol invasion of Japan
This illustration of the first Mongol attempt to invade Japan shows the Mongol fleet being smashed to pieces by the 'divine wind' that saved the Japanese

1281

The second Mongol invasion is again defeated through bad weather conditions. The Mongols suffer around seventy-five per cent casualties and a clear limit is set on their expansion in Asia. Japan praises the kamikaze, or 'divine wind', which has saved it twice from invasion.

1284 - 1301

Sadatoki

Died 1311.

1301 - 1311

Morotoki

1311 - 1333

Takatoki

1333

Emperor Go-Daigo overthrows the weakened Hojo regents under Takatoki, but the Ashikaga shoguns almost immediately split the country between the Northern and Southern courts.