Father of Henry's fourth wife Anne, the Duke of Cleves was
allied to the Lutherans, although not a Lutheran himself.
In 1539 Henry VIII showed signs of interest in an alliance as a defence
against a possible crusade against England, but when the Franco-Spanish
friendship began to weaken, the need for such a move lessened.
Cleves is on the lower Rhine and the duke was a leading figure of
Protestantism in Germany.
Hans Holbein the Younger
The son of accomplished painter Hans Holbein the Elder, he was born in
Augsburg in 1497. He learned his skills under his father and was appointed
painter to Henry VIII in 1536.
As well as his infamous painting of Anne of Cleves, he also produced
designs for woodcuts for Martin Luther's Old and New Testaments and numerous
portraits of leading English figures, including Thomas Cromwell and several
of Henry's other wives.