Oetzi's permanent home is now at the South Tyrol Museum of Archaeology
in Bolzano, Italy.
A radiologist in the investigation team, Paul Gostner, said a
two-centimetre-long stone arrowhead had been found in Oetzi's left
Eduard Egarter Vigl, another of the researchers, said the arrow
shattered the scapula, tearing through nerves and major blood vessels and
paralysing the left arm in what must have been an extremely painful death.
It probably took three to ten hours for him to die, he said.
It is possible, the researchers say, that Oetzi may have fled from his
attacker to the spot where he was entombed in the ice.
Scientists at the museum are hugely excited by the discovery. The
museum's director, Alex Susanna, said it disproved all other theories
about Oetzi's death:
"All the things that have been published over the past seven or eight
years - that he died because of broken ribs, that he died under the snow,
or that he was exhausted and laid down and fell asleep and froze to death
- are wrong," she said.
"Maybe there was a combat, maybe he was in a battle. There is a whole
series of new implications. The story needs to be rewritten."
Scientists hope to use the new information to reconstruct the last
hours of the iceman's life and his role in ancient society.
Previous investigation has already shown that the Iceman was between
45 and 50 years old when he died, which was very old for that era - around
the time when humans were switching from using stone to metal tools.