Studies by five linguists from the United States,
France, Russia, Denmark, and Iran on an inscription discovered in
Jiroft indicate that this Elamite script is three hundred years older than
that of the great civilization of Susa.
Archaeologists believe that Jiroft was the origin of
Elamite written language in which the writing system developed
first and was then spread across the country and reached Susa.
The discovered inscription of Jiroft is the most ancient written
script found so far.
The city of Jiroft is situated close to Halil Rud
historical site. Halil Rud, located on the basin of River Halil Rood
enjoyed a rich civilization.
Many stone and clay objects as well as other historical
evidence belonging to the third millennium BC have been discovered
during archaeological excavations and also by illegal diggings by
smugglers in this area. A total of 120 historical sites, including
that of Jiroft, have been identified in the basin of the 400 kilometre
length of the River Halil Rud.
According to archaeological studies, the history of
Halil Rud area goes back to around 3000 BC. The stone dishes which
were discovered in the area belong to the first half of the third
millennium BC and reflect the art of carving on stones that was
current at that time.
"Five Elamite professional linguists from different
countries have studied the brick inscription discovered in Jiroft.
According to the studies, they have concluded that this discovered
inscription is 300 years older than that found in Susa; and most
probably the written language went to Susa from this region.
However, more studies are still needed to give a final approval to
this thesis," said Yousof Majid Zadeh, head of archaeological
excavation team in Jiroft.
"This inscription was discovered in a palace.
Although it is not yet known which Elamite king this inscription
belongs to, it is definitely an Elamite inscription. More studies
are needed to determine the exact time at which it was inscribed,
but most probably it is the most ancient written language [available
in this region]. Further excavations are being carried out to find
the rest of the inscription. However, what is obvious about this
inscription is that it is older than the Elamite inscription which
was found in Susa," explained Majidzadeh.