History Files
Donate add-in

The History Files The History Files has been helped!

You have been wonderful! The target for 2019 has been reached in less than a month. Thank you for supporting the History Files website, for making it possible for more highly detailed historical information to be researched and written for you, and for making it possible to switch to a secure format later this year. Your help and support is very much appreciated.

Target for 2019: 0 Totals slider 75

 

 

Middle East Kingdoms

Ancient Anatolia

 

 

 

Kingdom of Armenia Sophene
c.220 - 90 BC

Armenia Sophene was a short-lived division of Armenia proper, and one which seems to be very poorly documented. It was located between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in territory which, in the second millennium BC had been part of the state of Ishuwa and following that the neo-Hittite state of Kummuhu.

c.220 BC

Armenia is divided into Armenia and Armenia Sophene.

c.220 - 212/1 BC

Xerxes

211 - ? BC

Zariachis

190 BC

Rome defeats the Seleucids at Magnesia. The Armenians declare their independence the following year with the main kingdom being ruled by a native dynasty, the Artashesids.

c.170 BC

Mithrobuzanes

? - ? BC

An unknown number of rulers.

? - 90 BC

Artanes

90 BC

Armenia Sophene is reabsorbed by Armenia.

AD 56

Tiridates, a Parthian prince, has been placed on the throne of Armenia without Rome's agreement, and Rome and Parthia go to war. Rome enjoys some initial success and manages to impose its own vassal ruler in the form of Tigranes V, while placing another vassal in command of Armenia Sophene. However, in the winter of AD 62 Vologases I of Parthia manages to surround a Roman army near Rhandeia (on the Arsanias, a tributary of the Euphrates) and forces it to capitulate.

c.56 - 63

Sohemo

Protected by Rome.

62/63

With Armenia all but a Parthian territory, Rome is forced to accept an Arsacid ruler in the form of Tiridates II. He travels to Rome in AD 66 to receive the crown in person from Emperor Nero. However, Rome ensures it has its portion of the spoils by annexing Armenia Sophene and Little, or Lesser Armenia.