History Files


Middle East Kingdoms

Ancient Anatolia




Kingdom of Armenia Sophene
c.220 - 90 BC

Armenia Sophene was a short-lived division of Armenia proper, and one which seems to be very poorly documented. It was located between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in territory which, in the second millennium BC had been part of the state of Ishuwa and following that the neo-Hittite state of Kummuhu.

c.220 BC

Armenia is divided into Armenia and Armenia Sophene.

c.220 - 212/1 BC


211 - ? BC


190 BC

Rome defeats the Seleucids at Magnesia. The Armenians declare their independence the following year with the main kingdom being ruled by a native dynasty, the Artashesids.

c.170 BC


? - ? BC

An unknown number of rulers.

? - 90 BC


90 BC

Armenia Sophene is reabsorbed by Armenia.

AD 56

Armenia Sophene is divided from Armenia and Lesser Armenia as war erupts between Rome and Parthian Persia over the protection of Armenia.

c.56 - 63



Armenia Sophene is annexed by Rome.