Part 5: Conjectural language timeline for the Meonware
Sorry, the tables are not available for this display
width. Please try viewing the page in landscape.
|Old Jutlandish I
||c.460 - c.550
||Old Jutlandish spoken with Old English understood
|Old Jutlandish II
||Old Jutlandish and Old English spoken bilingually.
||c.640 - c.730
||Old Jutlandish displaced by Anglo-Jutish.
|Meon Old English
||c.730 - c.820
||Anglo-Jutish displaced by Meonware Old English.
||Jutish identity kept, but the Old English of Wessex
The conjectured osmosis of Old Jutlandish blending with Old
English, over a period of twelve notional generations, has been
influenced by two main factors. The first being the commonality
between English and Danish place names which survives today. The
endings -sted/stead, -by and -ing, and the use of holm, are to be
found in both kingdoms.
The second factor is the Saxon character of
most place names, in the Meon Valley and neighbouring areas, as
recorded in Domesday Book. There are exceptions, of course, like Fareham.
The conclusion above is also set against the supposed historical
background discussed above. Namely, that while remaining
conscious of their ancestry, the Jutes had come to identify with the
West Saxon kingdom.
As to their tribal government, apart from the
authority of their hereditary chieftains, each settlement would have
held thingsteads, or communal meetings, similar in function to the
Saxon folkmoots. Unfortunately, we simply do not have enough
evidence to try and reconstruct a theoretical list of minor Meonware
It might be suggested, perhaps, that the Jutes would have
looked for regal protection from the West Saxon king in Winchester,
a royal centre only some 15-20 miles away.
General Bibliography and Other Sources
Alcock, Lesley - Arthur's Britain, 1978
Anglo-Saxon Chronicles - begun in circa
Bede - Ecclesiastical History of the English People,
Berresford Ellis, P - The Story of the Cornish
Chambers Dictionary of Etymology - introductory sections,
Collins English Dictionary - introductory sections,
Glob, P V - The Bog People, translated from Danish by Rupert
Google Earth Hacks - Nordby, a Danish village, for a view of Urnhoven Thingstead
Google Earth Hacks - Urnhoven Thingstead,
for a large scale map of Denmark
Historical Maps of Hampshire - late 16th
to late 18th centuries
Johnston, Rev James B - The Place Names of
England and Wales, 1914
Nennius - Hanes y Brythoniaid, 810
Slaughter, D H - Nothgyth Quest Hypothesis,
the History Files, 2008
Thomas, Beth & Wynn Thomas, Peter - Cymraeg, Cymrâg, Cymrêg,
Wikipedia - List of Languages of the North Sea
Wikipedia - Saint Birinius
Beowulf, Anon, circa 725
King Arthur - the text of Michael St. John
Mallory, Sir Thomas - Le Morte d' Arthur,
Mallory, Sir Thomas - The Tale of King Arthur,