History Files
 
 

 

European Kingdoms

Eastern Europe

 

Shumen Fortress in Bulgaria
Features Indices Churches Indices King Lists Indices

Features / Lists

Europe

MODERN BALKAN STATES

Enver Hoxha of Albania

Albania

A mountainous Adriatic coastal territory, this former kingdom has a capital at Tirana.

A suburb of Sarajevo in 1995

Bosnia & Herzegovina

This dual state inside a single border was formed out of medieval origins as a pre-Ottoman kingdom.

Sofia in Bulgaria, 1944

Bulgaria

The Black Sea coastal state of Bulgaria was founded as a post-tribal kingdom around AD 681.

Croatia's post-2020-earthquake town of Petrinja

Croatia

This Slavic state with a long early medieval history covers the Dalmatian coast and a mountainous inland.

Montenegro achieves independence in 2006

Montenegro

Reborn as a republic in 2006, Montenegro was an independant principality until 1918.

Statue of Alexander the Great in North Macedonia

North Macedonia

One of the newest states in the Balkans, its compromise name had to be agreed with Greece.

Ex-King Michael of Romania

Romania

Formed out of several medieval regions, this state suffered post-war dictatorship prior to democracy.

Modern Serbia's city centre

Serbia

Once the centre of a southern Slav kingdom, Serbia is now adjusting to life as an independent republic.

Maribor on the River Drava in Slovenia

Slovenia

A former medieval margraviate, Solvenia is thriving as a modern European state.

Josep Broz Tito in 1947

Yugoslavia

Post-war Federal Yugoslavia was torn apart by violent internecine fighting in the 1990s.