Part 4: Catherine Howard / Katherine Parr
Dowager duchess of Norfolk
Step-grandmother of Catherine Howard, the dowager
duchess brought up Catherine after her mother had died and her
father kept falling into debt.
She probably engineered Francis Dereham's promotion
to secretary at Hampton Court to buy his silence when Henry married
Catherine. However, when his indiscretions were uncovered, she was
implicated and, with the fall of Catherine, she was imprisoned in
the Tower, before later being released.
A handsome retainer who was popular with the women,
Francis Dereham was a wealthy gentleman.
He confessed to his relationship with Catherine, which
had started in the days in which she lived at the dowager's home and
lasted until Catherine was made lady-in-waiting to Henry's fourth wife,
Anne of Cleves. Thomas Cranmer discovered this and the resulting
confessions by Dereham and others who were implicated, including the
dowager duchess of Norfolk, led to the fall of the queen herself.
Francis died a traitor's death at the Tyburn gallows,
being being hanged, drawn, and quartered on 10 December 1541.
Sir Thomas Seymour
Thomas Seymour was Henry VIII's brother-in-law by
virtue of his sister, Jane, Henry's third wife. He was the son of Sir
John Seymour and younger brother of Edward Seymour, who became protector
of England on Henry's death.
In 1547 he was made admiral and married the dowager
Queen Katherine. After Katherine died, he set his sights on marriage
to Princess Elizabeth, but was charged with treason by his brother
Edward and was executed in 1549.
Stephen Gardiner was born in 1483, becoming Thomas
Wolsey's secretary and then bishop of Winchester in 1531.