Hurrian Kingdom of Arrapha / Arrapkha
From the beginning of the second millennium BC,
Hurrians settled as a
majority population in formerly
which is now known as Kirkuk (itself a derivative of the Assyrian name).
This is located in
northern Iraq, about 250 kilometres north of
Baghdad, near the foot of the Zagros Mountains in Kurdistan.
Not long after the first Hurrian cities were founded at Urkesh and
Nawar in the Khabur Valley, Arrapha was
founded in circa 2000 BC beside the River Hasa, in a region with archaeological remains dating
back another thousand years. For a time it was subject to
Mitanni overlordship, but the city reached its greatest prominence in the
tenth and eleventh centuries BC, returned to Assyrian
rule. Unfortunately, as for most things concerning the earlier Hurrians, not
much is known about them except through archaeology.