St Paul's Church (Pauluse kirik in Estonian) is at
Riia 27, on the northern side of this main road, midway between Kastani and
Filosoofi streets. The cornerstone of the church was laid on 31 May 1915.
Over half the cost for the construction of the building had to be borrowed,
so an organ was also purchased. The interior work was completed in two years
and on 9 November 1919, Bishop Jakob Kukk consecrated the church for a growing
parish which had been formed in 1911.
The church had 3,000 seats and room for up to 7,000 people.
In 1932 a three-storey wing was added onto the main building, but on 25 March
1944, the church burned down. By the autumn of 1946 the tower had been restored,
so that on 1 December 1946 the bells were able to start ringing again. The rest
of the church remained a ruin and was almost cleared away between 1950-1957, until
the decision was taken to restore it. That work only apparently began in 1998.
Tartu Seventh-Day Adventist Church (Seitsemenda
Päeva Adventistide Tartu Kogudus) sits at Lille 18, on the southern side
of this quiet street, close to the junction with Riia street. The church
is housed inside a two-storey functionalist building which was designed
by the architect Arnold Matteus. A church hall and living quarters are
included. The Adventists were allowed to start using their building again
on 31 January 1993, for the first time since 1963 (see below).
St Alexander's Orthodox Church (Püha Aleksandri
kirik) is at Sõbra 19a, on the southern side of the street. The two-storey
church was designed by the architect V Lunski - active in the 1920s.
The cupolas were inspired by Old Russian church architecture. In February
1963, the Soviet authorities drove out the Orthodox congregation and stuffed
the Methodists and Adventists into the basement, where they met until 1997.
The church was reconsecrated in mid-2003.
Calvary Baptist Church (Kolgata baptistikoguduse
palvemaja) is at Tähe 66, on the eastern side, midway between Vaba and Sõbra
streets. The spacious wooden chapel was designed and built by the architect
Arnold Matteus in 1931 and is one of those buildings now in
the Karlova protection zone in Tartu. A cross-shaped window decorates the
fore gable. Tartu's Baptist churches were the immediate descendants of
the Tartu Free Church, founded in 1896.
Baptists in Tartu founded three meetings before
the First World War. One started in 1901, another in 1906, and the
third in 1911. Emmanuel Baptist Church (Immaanueli kirik) was
burned down during the war. The Bethel Baptist Church
building was taken away from its members by the Soviet authorities
who would no longer allow them to lease their building. Only the
Calvary Church survived and all Baptists in Tartu met here until
Salem Baptist Church opened.