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Neutrals / Attiwandaron (to come later)
Warlike and aggressive, the neutrality of the
Neutrals applied only to wars between the Huron and Iroquois.
Otherwise, this confederacy was anything but peaceful. For the
most part, the Huron considered the Neutrals as hostile (but not
enemies), and relations between them were usually tense, even when
they visited each other's villages for trade.
Men filled most positions of leadership, but some
Neutral villages were known to have been ruled by women. In most
ways, the Neutrals closely resembled the Huron and Iroquois. Their
villages of bark-covered longhouses were fortified and usually built
in high, easily-defended locations.
Diet depended mostly on agriculture (corn, beans,
squash, sunflowers, and tobacco) supplemented by hunting and
fishing. Meat and fish constituted a relatively small portion of
their diet, and as much as eighty percent of their calories came
from agriculture and the gathering of wild fruits and vegetables.
The Iroquoian peoples of this region grew at least fifteen varieties
of corn, sixty types of bean, and six kinds of squash.
Villages (or possibly sub-tribes in some
(Special acknowledgement has to be made here to Lee
Sultzman and his First Nations: Issues of Consequence website - see
The Neutrals were a confederacy, but the names and
exact number of their member tribes are unknown. The following names
have been associated with them, but thesecould either be tribes or
Ahiragenrega (or Ahondihronon), Andachkhrob (or
Antouaronon), Aondironon (discounted?), Atiaonrek, Atirhagenrata (or
Atiraguenrek, Attiragenrega - discounted?), Attiuoaisgon, Kakouagoga,
Kandouche, Kehesetoa, Khioetoa, Niaggorega (or Niagagarega,
Onguiaahra, or Onguiaronon), Ouaroronon, Ongniaahraronon
(discounted?), Ounonisaton (or Ounontisaston), Rhageratka, Skenchioe,
and Teotoguiaton (or Teotongniaton).
The history of the Neutrals can be found in a
separate feature (see sidebar links).