The federal government's authority also covers everything
that does not specifically fall under the aegis of the communities or
Belgium's federal parliament is composed of two chambers:
the chamber of representatives and the senate.
Communities and regions
The communities refer to persons who make up a community
and the bond that unifies them, namely their language and culture. As a
result, Belgium today has three communities which correspond with its
population groups: the Flemish Community, the French-Speaking Community
(comprising Wallonia and Brussels), and the German-Speaking Community (the
The concept of the regions was historically inspired by
more economic autonomy as they required it, which resulted in the
establishment of three regions: the Flemish Region, the Brussels Capital
Region, and the Walloon Region.
The regions have legislative and executive organs: a
regional parliament and the regional government. In the Flemish
Region/Community, the regional and community institutions are merged,
meaning there is only one parliament/government combined.
The Brussels Capital Region and the Walloon Region
each have a regional parliament and a regional government.
The French-Speaking Community (Wallonia and Brussels)
and the German-Speaking Community each have a parliament and a
Both communities and regions also have the power to
establish and maintain foreign relations. On the other hand, the federal
state also has powers for exemptions and restrictions on the powers of
the communities and the regions.
The country is further divided into ten provinces and
581 municipal councils.