City State of Akshak / Akcak
According to the king list, Akshak defeated the Third Dynasty of
claim the kingship. Situated on the northern borders of
Akkad, it is sometimes
identified with Babylonian
Upi (Greek Opis). Its exact location is uncertain, but it was probably near
Eshnunna, on the banks
of the the River Diyala. It first appeared in written records in about 2600
BC and during the period of its ascendancy, in the twenty-fifth century BC,
it was at war with
This is the twelfth set of entries on the
Sumerian list comprising kings
67-72. Six kings ruled for 99 / 116 years (Lists 1
& 2), or five kings ruled for 87 years (List 2).
Here, List 1 is primarily used, backed up by List 2
and List 3 (see
Sumer for details).
Urur leads the northern coalition against Eannatum of
it is defeated, routed, and chased to the gates of the city of Akshak. Urur
recognises the supremacy of Lagash.
Akshak was dominated by Lagash for a time, so figurines like
this example from Lagash dated to 2500 BC may well have been
found in both cities