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St Paul Robert Adam Street is on the
northern side of Robert Adam Street, close to the junction with
Manchester Street. St Paul Portman Square was demolished or perhaps
lost to bombing in the twentieth century (see sidebar links). This
present replacement was built further along Robert Adam Street as
Portman Chapel in 1970. It became a chapel-of-ease in the
parish of All Souls Langham Place in 1988, whilst also gaining the
name of its lost predecessor.
St James' Roman Catholic Church Spanish Place
is on the north side of George Street, close to Marylebone High Street.
In the late 1600s the bishops of Ely let St Etheldreda Ely to the Spanish
ambassador. After the Restoration, a new chapel was built on the corner of
Spanish Place and Charles Street (now George Street). In 1827 the Spanish
connection ceased and the leased land lapsed. In 1890 the present
church was built immediately opposite the old chapel.
Hinde Street Methodist Church is on the north-east
corner of Thayer Street and Hinde Street. The first chapel on this site was
opened in 1810 by members from Chandler Street Methodist Chapel (just
south of Oxford Street and now apparently lost). It was described as one of
the ugliest chapels in Methodism but survived possible closure in 1850. In 1887
the present church opened on the same site and was described as the most
handsome chapel in London.
St Mary Parish Church stood on the corner
of Marylebone Lane and Tyburn Lane (now Oxford Street). The church was built
in 1200 but no description of its appearance seems to have survived. It was
probably a typical Norman stone church. It was demolished by about 1400 and
replaced by a new St Mary's Church built at the northern end of Marylebone
High Road. This was also later replaced, by the present St Marylebone Parish
Church on Marylebone Road.
St Peter's Church Vere Street stands at the south-east
corner of Vere Street and Henrietta Place. The church was opened in 1724 as
Oxford Chapel, built by Edward Harley, Second Earl of Oxford, to a design
by James Gibbs. More usually known as Marylebone Chapel, in 1952 it became
a chapel of ease, attached to All Souls Church Langham Place (see below). In 1983,
once deconsecrated, it became the home of The Institute for Contemporary
Castle Street Welsh Baptist Church (Eglwys Gymraeg
Canol Llundain, in Welsh) occupies a narrow three-storey plot midway along
the northern side of Eastcastle Street, almost opposite Winsley Street which
leads to Oxford Street. The church was built in 1859 by the London Baptist
Association, but it may have been rebuilt in 1889, as this date is carried on
the front of the building. Heavily decorated and ornamented at the front, it
seats at least four hundred persons.
All Saints Margaret Street stands in a confined
plot on the northern side of Margaret Street, midway between Great Titchfield
Street and Wells Street in Fitzrovia. Margaret Street Chapel was built
on the site in 1788 as a meeting house for Lady Huntingdon's connection. The
present Gothic church was built in 1859 by the architect William Butterfield.
It is hailed as one of the greatest expressions of the Gothic Revival, although
little of it is visible from the street.
The Jesus Centre is on the south-west corner of
Margaret Street and the narrow Marylebone Passage, almost directly opposite
All Saints Margaret Street (see above). Established in 2002, most Jesus Centres
are places in which the local Jesus Fellowship Church (known also as the Jesus
Army) meets and worships, with a daily programme of church and social events.
They also heavily promote working with disadvantaged groups created by the
failings of modern society.
Happy Science is on the northern side of Margaret
Street, opposite Marylebone Passage. Happy Science was created in Japan in 1986
by Ryuho Okawa, a former student of law and finance who founded his own religion.
He claims to be a reincarnation of Buddha and offers the road to eternal peace.
The cult has at least thirty-two temples in Japan and many others worldwide
including this one in London. Its original name, Kofuku-no-Kagaku, was Anglicised
St Andrew Wells Street formerly stood at the south-east
corner of Wells Street and Booth's Place (on the left of this photo), the latter
leading to Wells Mews. The church opened in 1847. In 1932 it was closed,
deconsecrated and dismantled so that it could be re-erected as St Andrew Kingsbury
in Wembley. Nearby was Providence Chapel, a place of worship for Independents.
The building was destroyed by fire in 1810 and the site became a timber yard.
One photo on this page kindly contributed by Sam Weller.