History Files


European Kingdoms

Eastern Europe





Styria is situated in the eastern-central of modern-day Austria, between Ostmark and Salzburg. Prior to the arrival of the Romans in the region, it was occupied chiefly by the Celtic Ambidravi and Ambisontes tribes. The Romans incorporated the region into the Noricum province, and following Roman collapse the area was subsequently controlled much the same as its neighbours, by frequent changes of ownership between shifting tribes and kingdoms, before the Germanic Holy Roman empire offered Central Europe some stability. Styria was initially centred on Traungau when the region was elevated to a margraviate in the late ninth century.

Margraves of Styria

880 - 907


Also ruled Austria.

907 - c.925

Ottokar I

c.925 - 930


930 - 965

Ottokar II


With the accession of the Saxon king, Otto I, the power of the Germanic Roman empire is confirmed. Otto is quite vigorous in establishing new counties and border areas within and without the empire's borders. The county of Ardennes under Sigfried gains the stronghold of Lucilinburhuc (the later Luxemburg), Arnulf I the Elder is restored in Flanders, and the March of Austria is formed from territory already captured from Hungary (around 960).

Map of Germany AD 962
Germany in AD 962 may have had its new emperor to govern the territories shown within the dark black line, but it was still a patchwork of competing interests and power bases, most notably in the five great stem duchies, many of which were attempting to expand their own territories outside the empire, creating the various march or border regions to the east and south (click on map to show full sized)

At the same time, Saxony gains Hermann Billung as its duke, charged with maintaining the duchy's eastern borders and expanding them further to the east, alongside the recently-created North March. Perhaps as a reaction to this or as the culmination of a process that is already heading that way, the duchy of Poland is formed around the same time.

965 - 970


970 - 993

Ottokar III

fl c.1030

Ottokar IV

Died 1038.

1038? - 1047


1047 - 1080

Ottokar V

Died 1083.

1083 - 1084


1084 - 1122

Ottokar VI

1122 - 1129

Leopold the Strong

1129 - 1164

Ottokar VII

1164 - 1192

Ottokar VIII


The margraviate passes to the duchy of Austria.

1282 - 1286

In December 1282, as Holy Roman Emperor, Rudolph gives the duchies of Austria and Styria to his sons, Albert and Rudolf II respectively. In 1286, Carinthia is passed to Meinhard of Gorizia-Tyrol.