History Files
 

 

Middle East Kingdoms

Central Levant States

 

 

 

County of Tripoli
AD 1109 - 1287

The county of Tripoli was the last of the four major Crusader states in the Levant to be created. It plugged the gap between Antioch and Jerusalem, and secured the entire eastern coastline for the Crusaders, while largely being neighboured to the east by the atabegs of Aleppo and Damascus. Its territory reached from a little way above the Crusader town of Beirut in the south to beyond the city of Tartus in the north (which the Crusaders called Antartus or Tortosa), now in Syria.

The beginnings of the county came in 1102, when Count Raymond IV of Toulouse, one of the leaders of the First Crusade, began a lengthy war with the Banu Ammar Emirs of Tripoli (theoretical vassals of the Fatimid caliphs in Cairo), gradually seizing much of their territory and besieging them within Tripoli itself.

Raymond died in 1105, leaving his infant son Alfonso-Jordan as his heir, with a cousin, William-Jordan of Cerdagne, as regent. William-Jordan continued the siege of Tripoli for the next four years, when a bastard son of Raymond, Bertrand, who had been acting as regent of Toulouse, arrived in the east, leaving Toulouse to Alfonso-Jordan and his mother, who returned to France. Thanks to the mediation of King Baldwin I of Jerusalem, Bertrand and William-Jordan eventually came to an agreement whereby each would keep control of their own conquests, an agreement which worked best for Bertrand when he captured Tripoli later that year. When William-Jordan died a few months later, Bertrand became sole ruler.

1103 - 1105

Raymond I Count de Toulouse

Died at the siege of Tripoli.

1105 - 1109

Alfonso-Jordan

Son.

1105 - 1109

William-Jordan

Regent.

1109

Following a siege which lasts from 1103, Tripoli falls.

1109 - 1112

Bertrand

1112 - 1137

Pons

1137 - 1152

Raymond II

1152 - 1187

Raymond III

Regent of the kingdom of Jerusalem (until 1185).

1187 - 1233

Behemond IV of Antioch

Prince of Antioch (1201-1216 & 1219-1233).

1233 - 1252

Behemond V of Antioch

Prince of Antioch.

1252 - 1275

Behemond VI of Antioch

Prince of Antioch (1252-1268).

1287 - 1289

The succession is disputed between Behemond's heir and the city commune.

1275 - 1287

Behemond VII

Titular prince of Antioch.

1268

Antioch falls to the Mameluke Sultan Baybars.

1287 - 1289

Lucia of Tripoli

Sister and heir.

1289

Following a siege by Sultan Qalawun al Alfi, Tripoli falls to the Mamelukes.