History Files
 

 

Celtic Kingdoms of the British Isles

Celts of Cymru

 

 

 

Map Meirionydd

FeatureMeichion was the grandson of Cunedda Wledig and heir to this western portion of Gwynedd, which for a time became well known and fairly important, especially under Idris Gawr. Cunedda's eldest son, Tibion, or Typaun to give it its later form, had already died on Ynys Manau, but his son Merion was granted the cantref of Merion.

(Additional information by Edward Dawson.)

c.445

Meirchion ap Typaun ap Cunedag

c.480

Cadwaladr ap Meirchion

Feature

c.500

Gwrin Farfdrwch (Cut-Beard)

m Marchell ferch Brychan, king of Brycheiniog.

c.540

Gwyddno Garahnhir (Long-Shanks)

c.580 - 632

Idris Gawr

Son? Killed by Oswald of Bernicia on the Severn.

632 - c.645

Swalda

Son.

c.645 - 662

Brochfael

Son.

Possibly named after the better known Brochfael Ysgythrog of sixth century Powys, the name is an intriguing one. The second part of it is the familiar 'fael', which can also be shown as 'mael' in other variations and 'maglo' going further back in time. It means servant, slave, follower, etc. The first part is rather more puzzling. 'Broch' seems to derive from proto-Celtic 'broko', meaning 'anger', which also means 'badger' ('angry animal'). It still means both in modern Welsh, but its origins as a name are unknown. Was there some (local) deity who was a personification of anger? Or was there some family emblem from tribal days, a badger totem perhaps? Its re-use in seventh century Meirionydd and eighth century Dunoding suggests that it had been popularised to an extent by the earlier Powysian king.

c.675

Einudd Bach (the Short)

Son.

c.705

Ednyfed

Son.

c.735

Brochfael

Son.

c.765

Cynan

Son.

c.785

The line of descent apparently ends with Cynan, so the territory is fully merged back into Gwynedd.

Meirionydd re-emerges as a cantref governed by lords who are vassals to Gwynedd.

? - 1256

Llywelyn ap Maredudd

Last lord of Meirionydd.

1256

Llywelyn is deprived of his patrimony for his opposition to Llywelyn ap Gruffudd at the at the Battle of Bryn Derwin. He lives the remainder of his life in exile in England. In 1294 his son, Madog, leads a short-lived rebellion against the English rule of Wales.