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Far East Kingdoms

South East Asia


Rulers of Koguryo / Goguryeo
37 BC - AD 668

The Korean kingdom of Koguryo eventually dominated the whole of northern and central Korea before it fell to an invasion by the Chinese T'ang and Korean Silla. The modern territory that formed Koguryo today forms part of North Korea. Its people are believed to have been a blend of groups from Buyeo and Yemaek.

(Information from A New History of Korea, Ki-baik Lee (1984), supplied by Michael Welles, from Pacific northeast Asia in prehistory: hunter-fisher-gatherers, farmers, and sociopolitical elites, C Melvin Aikens (WSU Press, 1992), from Military Culture in Imperial China, Nicola Di Cosmo & Robin D S Yates (Harvard University Press, 2009), from Records of the Three Kingdoms, Chen Shou (third century text which covers the period AD 184-220 and which combines individual histories of the three kingdoms), from Zizhi Tongjian, Sima Guang (noted tenth century historical work), and from External Link: Three Kingdoms (Encyclopaedia Britannica).)

37 - 19 BC

Tongmyong Wang

19 BC - AD 18

Yuri(myong) Wang

AD 12 - 30

The state of Koguryo revolts against regional Chinese domination during the early days of the short-lived Xin dynasty. These Koreans are not the only ones to spot the fact that a relatively weak emperor now rules the Chinese empire to the west. They continue to raid the Han commanderies in Korea until the newly-restored Eastern Han manage to bring them back under a semblance of control by AD 30.

Map of Xin China c.AD 9-23
The map of China remained largely the same as it had been at the end of the Early Han period, with their conquests in northern Vietnam enduring and control of the north-western corridor towards Gaochang being expanded only a little (click or tap on map to view full sized)

18 - 44

Taemusin Wang

44 - 48

Minjung Wang

48 - 53

Mobon Wang

53 - 146

T'aejo Wang

146 - 165

Ch'adae Wang

165 - 179

Sindae Wang

179 - 196

Kogukch'on Wang

196 - 227

Sansang Wang

227 - 248

Tongch'on Wang


An alliance between Koguryo and Cao Wei falls apart once the Wei have taken their main objective. This had been the Eastern Han commandery of the warlord Gongsun Yuan, whose clan had now been independent of Chinese control for three generations. His defeat, however, soon creates disharmony between the erstwhile allies, and the Wei are forced to capture Koguryo's capital to end the matter.

Map of Three Kingdoms China AD 220-263
In AD 220 the Late Han Chinese empire was officially transferred to the Wei or Cao Wei dynasty, and their opponents simply had to respond, while Koguryo was initially a Wei ally (click or tap on map to view full sized)

248 - 270

Chungch'on Wang

270 - 292

Soch'on Wang

292 - 300

Pongsang Wang

300 - 331

Mich'on Wang


The Chinese Western Tsin are driven out of Korea.

331 - 371

Kogugwon Wang


Koguryo absorbs the northern Korean state of Puyo.

371 - 384

Sosurim Wang

384 - 391

Kogugyang Wang

391 - 413

Kwanggaet'o Wang

413 - 491

Changsu Wang

491 - 519

Munja(myong) Wang

519 - 531

Anjang Wang

531 - 545

Anwon Wang

545 - 559

Yangwon Wang


MapThe formation to the immediate west of the Göktürk khaganate on the steppes of Mongolia seems not to impact upon affairs in Koguryo or the Silla kingdom to the south. Instead, the empire focuses its attention primarily on Sui China and on expanding across the steppeland towards Europe.

559 - 590

P'yongwon Wang

590 - 618

Yongyang Wang


The Chinese Sui invade but are defeated.

618 - 642

Yongnyu Wang

642 - 668

Pojang Wang

645 - 647

The Chinese T'ang invade but are defeated.

667 - 668

The Chinese T'ang and Korean Silla conquer Koguryo.