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2023
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2023

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Far East Kingdoms

South East Asia

 

Lan Na / Lanna Kingdom
AD 1259 - 1774

Shortly after the creation of the Thai kingdom of Sukhothai in the south of the country, the founder of the Lan Na or Lanna kingdom created a new capital for his realm in Chiang Mai, located along Thailand's River Ping. Chiang Mai in this period was chosen as the navel of the eight world synod of Theravada Buddhism.

1259 - 1317

Mengrai

Founded kingdom.

1317 - 1318

Chai Songkhram

1318 - 1319

Saen Phu

1319 - 1322

Khrua

1322 - 1324

Nam Thuam

1324 - 1328

Saen Phu

Restored?

1328 - 1337

Kham Fu

1337 - 1355

Pha Yu / Sam Phaya

after 1353

Fa Ngoun, king of Lan Xang, defeats King Sam Phaya (Pha Yu) of Lan Na, after which he conquers the Akha. The Laotian and other local princes submit to him.

1355 - 1385

Ku Na

1369 - 1375

The kingdom controls the Khmer empire.

1385 - 1401

An interregnum follows.

? - 1389

The Khmer again fall under the control of Lan Na.

1401 - 1441

Saen Muang Ma

1431

Lan Na defeats the Khmer, forcing them to abandon their great capital for a safer location.

1401 - 1441

Sam Fang Kaen

1441 - 1487

Tilokoraj / Tilokaracha

1479 - 1484

The ruler of Dai Viet feels it is time to curb the power of Lan Xang. He marches a large force into its territory, capturing the capital and killing its king, Chakkaphat. It takes until 1482 before Lan Xang's remaining army can join forces with the army of Lan Na to its west and inflict a decisive defeat upon the Viet army. The Viet withdraw in full by 1484.

1487

After the death of Tilokoraj, the kingdom suffers from internal conflicts. Lan Na is weakened by wars with Sukhothai's successors.

1487 - 1495

Yot Chiang Rai

1495 - 1526

Muang Kaeo

1526 - 1538

Ket Chettharat

1538 - 1543

Chai

1543 - 1545

Ket Chettharat

Restored?

1545 - 1546

Queen Chiraprapha

1546 - 1551

Setthathirat

1551

Queen Thao Mae Ku

1551 - 1564

Mekuti

1558

The Burmese conquer the capital of Chiang Mai.

1564 - 1578

Queen Wisutthithewi

Ruled under Burmese control.

1578 - 1607

Burmese Tharawaddy Prince

Burmese prince.

1594

Lan Na captures the Khmer capital at Phnom Penh.

1607 - 1613

[Unnamed]

Probably two sons of Tharawaddy.

1613

Burmese control is thrown out.

1613 - 1615

Thadogyaw

1615 - 1631

Si Song Muang

1631 - 1659

Phraya Thipphanet

1659 - 1672

[Ruler of Phrae]

1672

The Burmese regain control of the kingdom.

1672 - 1675

Ingsemang

Burmese ruler.

1675 - 1707

Chephutarai

Burmese ruler.

1707 - 1727

Mangraenara

Burmese ruler.

1727

A Thai rebel leader gains control of the state.

1727

Thep Sing

Rebel.

1727 - 1759

Ong Kham

1759 - 1761

Chan

1761 - 1763

Khi Hut

1763

The Burmese conquer Chiang Mai.

1763 - 1771

Abhayagamani

Burmese ruler.

1768 - 1774

Moyagamani

Burmese ruler.

1771 - 1774

The Thai people revolt against Burmese rule.

1774 & 1776

The Thai kingdom of Krong Thonburi conquers Lan Na.

 
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